Review Article


2010, 3: 147–169


Energy Dissipation and Transport in Nanoscale Devices

Eric Pop ()

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Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Micro and Nanotechnology Lab and Beckman Institute, University of Illinois Urbana- Champaign, Urbana IL 61801, USA

Keywords: Nanowire, nanotube, interface, thermal transport, rectification, thermoelectric, power dissipation
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  • Abstract
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Understanding energy dissipation and transport in nanoscale structures is of great importance for the design of energy-efficient circuits and energy-conversion systems. This is also a rich domain for fundamental discoveries at the intersection of electron, lattice (phonon), and optical (photon) interactions. This review presents recent progress in understanding and manipulation of energy dissipation and transport in nanoscale solid-state structures. First, the landscape of power usage from nanoscale transistors (~10–8 W) to massive data centers (~109 W) is surveyed. Then, focus is given to energy dissipation in nanoscale circuits, silicon transistors, carbon nanostructures, and semiconductor nanowires. Concepts of steady-state and transient thermal transport are also reviewed in the context of nanoscale devices with sub-nanosecond switching times. Finally, recent directions regarding energy transport are reviewed, including electrical and thermal conductivity of nanostructures, thermal rectification, and the role of ubiquitous material interfaces.
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Energy Dissipation and Transport in Nanoscale Devices. Nano Res. 2010, 3: 147–169

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