Research Article

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2015, 8(3): 808–820

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https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-014-0563-3

Ni-induced stepwise capacity increase in Ni-poor Li- rich cathode materials for high performance lithium ion batteries

Delai Ye1, Chenghua Sun2, Yu Chen1, Kiyoshi Ozawa3, Denisa Hulicova-Jurcakova1, Jin Zou4, and Lianzhou Wang1 (*)

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1 Nanomaterials Centre, School of Chemical Engineering and Australian Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
2 School of Chemistry, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia
3 National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047, Japan
4 Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis and Material Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia

Keywords: Ni-doping, capacity-increase, Li-rich cathode materials, lithium ion battery
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  • Abstract
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Li-rich cathode materials have been considered as promising candidates for high-energy lithium ion batteries (LIBs). In this study, we report a new series of Li-rich materials (Li[Li1/3–2x/3Mn2/3–x/3Nix]O2 (0.09 ≤ x ≤ 0.2)) doped with small amounts of Ni as cathode materials in LIBs, which exhibited unusual phenomenon of capacity increase up to tens of cycles due to the continuous activation of the Li2MnO3 phase. Both experimental and computational results indicate that unlike commonly studied Ni-doped Li-rich cathode materials, smaller amounts of Ni doping can promote the stepwise Li2MnO3 activation to obtain increased specific capacity and better cycling capability. In contrast, excessive Ni will over-activate the Li2MnO3 and result in a large capacity loss in the first cycle. The Li1.25Mn0.625Ni0.125O2 material with an optimized content of Ni delivered a superior high capacity of ~280 mAh·g–1 and good cycling stability at room temperature.
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Ni-induced stepwise capacity increase in Ni-poor Li- rich cathode materials for high performance lithium ion batteries. Nano Res. 2015, 8(3): 808–820 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-014-0563-3

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