Review Article


2015, 8(1): 82–96


Shape-controlled syntheses of rhodium nanocrystals for the enhancement of their catalytic properties

Shuifen Xie1, Xiang Yang Liu1, and Younan Xia2 ()

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1 Research Institute for Soft Matter and Biomimetics and Department of Physics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005, China 

2The Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, and School ofChemistry and Biochemistry and School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia30332, United States

Keywords: Rhodium nanocrystals, shape control, material synthesis, surface structure, catalysis
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  • Abstract
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Rhodium (Rh) is a critical component of many catalysts for a variety of chemical transformation processes. Controlling the shape of Rh nanocrystals offers an effective route to the optimization of their catalytic performance owing to a close correlation between the catalytic activity/selectivity and the surface atomic structure. It also helps to substantially reduce the loading amount and thus achieve a sustainable use of this scarce and precious metal. In this review article, we focus on recent progress in the shape-controlled synthesis of Rh nanocrystals with the goal of enhancing their catalytic properties. Both traditional and newlydeveloped synthetic strategies and growth mechanisms will be discussed, including those based on the use of surface capping agents, manipulation of reduction kinetics, control of surface diffusion rate, management of oxidation etching, and electrochemical alteration. We also use two examples to highlight the unique opportunities offered by shape-controlled synthesis for enhancing the use of this metal in catalytic applications. The strategies can also be extended to other precious metals in an effort to advance the production of cost-effective catalysts.
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Shape-controlled syntheses of rhodium nanocrystals for the enhancement of their catalytic properties. Nano Res. 2015, 8(1): 82–96

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