Review Article

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2016, 9(1): 59–71

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https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-016-0993-1

Biomimetic smart nanochannels for power harvesting

Ganhua Xie1, Liping Wen2 (), and Lei Jiang1,2 ()

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1 Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Key Laboratory of Green Printing, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China 

2 Laboratory of Bioinspired Smart Interfacial Science, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China

Keywords: energy conversion, biomimetic, nanochannel, photoelectric, salinity gradient
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  • Abstract
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With the increasing requirements of reliable and environmentally friendly energy resources, porous materials for sustainable energy conversion technologies have attracted intensive interest in the past decades. As an important block of porous materials, biomimetic smart nanochannels (BSN) have been developed rapidly into an attractive field for their well-tunable geometry and chemistry. With inspiration from nature, many works have been reported to utilize BSN to harvest clean energy. In this review, we summarize recent progress in the BSN for power harvesting from four parts of brief introduction of BSN, biological prototypes for power harvesting, BSN-based energy conversion, and conclusion and outlook. Overall, by learning from nature, exploiting new avenues and improving the performance of BSN, a number of exciting developments in the near future may be anticipated.
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Biomimetic smart nanochannels for power harvesting. Nano Res. 2016, 9(1): 59–71 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-016-0993-1

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