Research Article

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2016, 9(5): 1256–1266

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https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-016-1021-1

Synthesis of well-defined Fe3O4 nanorods/N-doped graphene for lithium-ion batteries

Jiqing Jiao1 (*), Wenda Qiu2, Jianguo Tang1, Liuping Chen2, and Laiying Jing1

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1 College of Materials Science and Engineering, National Base of International S. & T. Cooperation on Hybrid Materials and Growing Base for State Key Laboratory, Qingdao University, 308 Ningxia Road, Qingdao 266071, China
2 KLGHEI of Environment and Energy Chemistry, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China

Keywords: graphene, Fe3O4, N-doped, anode materials, lithium-ion batteries
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  • Abstract
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The geometric size and distribution of magnetic nanoparticles are critical to the morphology of graphene (GN) nanocomposites, and thus they can affect the capacity and cycling performance when these composites are used as anode materials in lithium-ion batteries (LiBs). In this work, Fe3O4 nanorods were deposited onto fully extended nitrogen-doped GN sheets from a binary precursor in two steps, a hydrothermal process and an annealing process. This route effectively tuned the Fe3O4 nanorod size distribution and prevented their aggregation. The transformation of the binary precursor was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). XPS analysis indicated the presence of N-doped GN sheets, and that the magnetic nanocrystals were anchored and uniformly distributed on the surface of the flattened N-doped GN sheets. As a high performance anode material, the structure was beneficial for electron transport and exchange, resulting in a large reversible capacity of 929 mA·h·g–1, high-rate capability, improved cycling stability, and higher electrical conductivity. Not only does the result provide a strategy for extending GN composites for use as LiB anode materials, but it also offers a route for the preparation of other oxide nanorods from binary precursors.
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Synthesis of well-defined Fe3O4 nanorods/N-doped graphene for lithium-ion batteries. Nano Res. 2016, 9(5): 1256–1266 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-016-1021-1

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