Research Article

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2017, 10(2): 415–425

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https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-016-1301-9

Sponge-like nickel phosphide-carbon nanotube hybrid electrodes for efficient hydrogen evolution over a wide pH range

Shuying Wang1,2,§, Li Zhang2,§, Xiao Li2, Changli Li2, Rujing Zhang2, Yingjiu Zhang1 (*), and Hongwei Zhu2 (*)

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1 School of Physical Engineering and Laboratory of Materials Physics, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China
2 State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
§ These authors contributed equally to this work.

Keywords: carbon nanotubes, nickel phosphide, electrodeposition, hydrogen evolution reaction, electrocatalyst, water splitting
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ABSTRACT Cost-effective hydrogen production via electrolysis of water requires efficient and durable earth-abundant catalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) over a wide pH range. Herein, we report sponge-like nickel phosphide– carbon nanotube (NixP/CNT) hybrid electrodes that were prepared by facile cyclic voltammetric deposition of amorphous NixP catalysts onto the threedimensional (3D) porous CNT support. These compounds exhibit superior catalytic activity for sustained hydrogen evolution in acidic, neutral, and basic media. In particular, the NixP/CNT electrodes generate cathodic currents of 10 and 100 mA·cm−2 at overpotentials of 105 and 226 mV, respectively, in a 1 M phosphate buffer solution (pH = 6.5) with a Tafel slope of 100 mV·dec−1; the currents were stable for over 110 h without obvious decay. Our results suggest that the 3D porous CNT electrode supports could serve as a general platform for earth-abundant HER catalysts for the development of highly efficient electrodes for hydrogen production.
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Sponge-like nickel phosphide-carbon nanotube hybrid electrodes for efficient hydrogen evolution over a wide pH range. Nano Res. 2017, 10(2): 415–425 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-016-1301-9

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