1 Beijing Key Laboratory of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
2 Collaborative Innovation Center of Electric Vehicles in Beijing, Beijing 100081, China
3 School of Computer Science, Mathematics and Engineering, City, University of London, Northampton Square, London, EC1V 0HB, UK
4 State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing Key Laboratory of Electrochemical Process and Technology for Materials, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
5 Research and Advanced Engineering, Ford Motor Company, MI 48121, USA
6 Electrified Powertrain Engineering, Ford Motor Research and Engineering (Nanjing) Co. Ltd., Nanjing 211100, China
7 Beijing Key Laboratory of Construction-Tailorable Advanced Functional Materials and Green Applications, School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
§ These authors contributed equally to this work.