Research Article

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2017, 10(3): 814–825

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https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-016-1335-z

Quaternary pyrite-structured nickel/cobalt phosphosulfide nanowires on carbon cloth as efficient and robust electrodes for water electrolysis

Jiayuan Li, Zhaoming Xia, Xuemei Zhou, Yuanbin Qin, Yuanyuan Ma, and Yongquan Qu (*)

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Center for Applied Chemical Research, Frontier Institute of Science and Technology, and State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China

Keywords: water electrolysis, pyrite, heterogeneous catalysis, nanowire
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ABSTRACT The strategy of element substitution is an effective way to tune the electronic structures of the active sites in catalysts, thereby leading to improvements in both the catalytic activity and stability. Herein, we design and synthesize pyrite-type nickel/phosphorus co-doped CoS2 nanowires on carbon cloth (NiCoPS/CC) as efficient and durable electrodes for water electrolysis. Introduction of nickel and phosphorus produced stepwise and superb enhancement of the performance of the electrodes in the hydrogen evolution reaction due to regulation of the electronic structures of the active sites of the catalyst and accelerated charge transfer over a wide pH range (0−14). The NiCoPS/CC electrodes also delivered a nearly undecayed catalytic current density of 10 mA·cm−2 at a low overpotential of 230 mV for oxygen evolution due to in situ formation of surficial Ni–Co oxo/hydroxide in 1.0 M KOH. Thus, the NiCoPS/CC electrodes gave rise to a catalytic current density of 10 mA·cm−2 for overall water splitting at potentials as low as 1.54 V during operation over 100 h in 1.0 M KOH with a Faradic efficiency of ~100%.
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Quaternary pyrite-structured nickel/cobalt phosphosulfide nanowires on carbon cloth as efficient and robust electrodes for water electrolysis. Nano Res. 2017, 10(3): 814–825 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-016-1335-z

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