Review Article

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2018, 11(10): 4955–4984

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https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-018-2092-y

Scavenging of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species with nanomaterials

Carolina A. Ferreira, Dalong Ni (*), Zachary T. Rosenkrans, and Weibo Cai (*)

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Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53705, USA

Keywords: mnanomaterials, reactive oxygen species (ROS), reactive nitrogen species, ROS scavenging, antioxidant nanoparticles
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ABSTRACT Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) are essential for normal physiological processes and play important roles in cell signaling, immunity, and tissue homeostasis. However, excess radical species are implicated in the development and augmented pathogenesis of various diseases. Several antioxidants may restore the chemical balance, but their use is limited by disappointing results of clinical trials. Nanoparticles are an attractive therapeutic alternative because they can change the biodistribution profile of antioxidants, and possess intrinsic ability to scavenge RONS. Herein, we review the types of RONS, how they are implicated in several diseases, and the types of nanoparticles with inherent antioxidant capability, their mechanisms of action, and their biological applications.
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Scavenging of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species with nanomaterials. Nano Res. 2018, 11(10): 4955–4984 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-018-2092-y

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