Research Article

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2019, 12(1): 69–75

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https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-018-2182-x

Facile preparation of unique three-dimensional (3D)α-MnO2/MWCNTs macroporous hybrid as the high-performance cathode of rechargeable Li-O2 batteries

Shuiyun Shen1, Aiming Wu1, Guofeng Xia1, Guanghua Wei2, Xiaohui Yan1, Yao Zhang1, Fengjuan Zhu1, Jiewei Yin1, and Junliang Zhang1 (*)

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1 Institute of Fuel Cells, School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
2 SJTU-Paris Tech Elite Institute of Technology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China

Keywords: α-MnO2/MWCNTs, lyophilization, specific capacity, cyclability, lithium-oxygen batteries
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  • Abstract
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Undoubtedly, there remains an urgent prerequisite to achieve significant advances in both the specific capacity and cyclability of Li-O2 batteries for their practical application. In this work, a series of unique three-dimensional (3D) α-MnO2/MWCNTs hybrids are successfully prepared using a facile lyophilization method and investigated as the cathode of Li-O2 batteries. Thereinto, cross-linked α-MnO2/MWCNTs nanocomposites are first synthesized via a modified chemical route. Results demonstrate that MnO2 nanorods in the nanocomposites have a length of 100–400 nm and a diameter ranging from 5 to 10 nm, and more attractively, the as-lyophilized 3D MnO2/MWCNTs hybrids is uniquely constructed with large amounts of interconnected macroporous channels. The Li-O2 battery with the 3D macroporous hybrid cathode that has a mass percentage of 50% of α-MnO2 delivers a high discharge specific capacity of 8,643 mAh·g−1 at 100 mA·g−1, and maintains over 90 cycles before the discharge voltage drops to 2.0 V under a controlled specific capacity of 1,000 mAh·g−1. It is observed that when being recharged, the product of toroidal Li2O2 particles disappears and electrode surfaces are well recovered, thus confirming a good reversibility. The excellent performance of Li-O2 battery with the 3D α-MnO2/MWCNTs macroporous hybrid cathode is ascribed to a synergistic combination between the unique macroporous architecture and highly efficient bi-functional α-MnO2/MWCNTs electrocatalyst.
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Facile preparation of unique three-dimensional (3D)α-MnO2/MWCNTs macroporous hybrid as the high-performance cathode of rechargeable Li-O2 batteries. Nano Res. 2019, 12(1): 69–75 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-018-2182-x

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