Review Article

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2019, 12(3): 471–487

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https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-018-2225-3

Review of MXenes as new nanomaterials for energy storage/delivery and selected environmental applications

Byung-Moon Jun1,§, Sewoon Kim1,§, Jiyong Heo2, Chang Min Park3, Namguk Her2, Min Jang4, Yi Huang5, Jonghun Han2 (*), and Yeomin Yoon1 (*)

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1 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, 300 Main Street, SC 29208, USA
2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Korea Army Academy at Young-Cheon, 495 Hogook-ro, Kokyungmeon, Young-Cheon, Gyeongbuk 38900, Republic of Korea
3 Department of Environmental Engineering, Kyungpook National University, 80 Daehak-ro, Buk-gu, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea
4 Department of Environmental Engineering, Kwangwoon University, 447-1 Wolgye-Dong Nowon-Gu, Seoul 01897, Republic of Korea
5 School of Engineering, Institute for Materials & Processes (IMP), The University of Edinburgh, Colin Maclaurin Road, Edinburgh EH9 3DW, Scotland, UK
§ Byung-Moon Jun and Sewoon Kim contributed equally to this work.

Keywords: MXenes, MXene-based nanomaterials, energy storage, environment, applications
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  • Abstract
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Energy and environmental issues presently attract a great deal of scientific attention. Recently, two-dimensional MXenes and MXene-based nanomaterials have attracted increasing interest because of their unique properties (e.g., remarkable safety, a very large interlayer spacing, environmental flexibility, a large surface area, and thermal conductivity). In 2011, multilayered MXenes (Ti3C2Tx, a new family of two-dimensional (2D) materials) produced by etching an A layer from a MAX phase of Ti3AlC2, were first described by researchers at Drexel University. The term “MXene” was coined to distinguish this new family of 2D materials from graphene, and applies to both the original MAX phases and MXenes fabricated from them. We present a comprehensive review of recent studies on energy and environmental applications of MXene and MXene-based nanomaterials, including energy conversion and storage, adsorption, membrane, photocatalysis, and antimicrobial. Future research needs are discussed briefly with current challenges that must be overcome before we completely understand the extraordinary properties of MXene and MXene-based nanomaterials.
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Review of MXenes as new nanomaterials for energy storage/delivery and selected environmental applications. Nano Res. 2019, 12(3): 471–487 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-018-2225-3

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