1 Key Laboratory of Bio-inspired Materials and Interfacial Science, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China 2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China 3 Key Laboratory of Bio-inspired Smart Interfacial Science and Technology of Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
Keywords:nerve signal transmission, quantum-confined ion superfluid, action potential, ion channels, matter wave
We propose a process of quantum-confined ion superfluid (QISF), which is enthalpy-driven confined ordered fluid, to explain the transmission
of nerve signals. The ultrafast Na+ and K+ ions transportation through all sodium-potassium pump nanochannels simultaneously in the
membrane is without energy loss, and leads to QISF wave along the neuronal axon, which acts as an information medium in the ultrafast nerve
signal transmission. The QISF process will not only provide a new view point for a reasonable explanation of ultrafast signal transmission in
the nerves and brain, but also challenge the theory of matter wave for ions, molecules and particles.