Research Article

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2019, 12(4): 877–887

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https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-019-2318-7

Albumin-bound paclitaxel dimeric prodrug nanoparticles with tumor redox heterogeneity-triggered drug release for synergistic photothermal/ chemotherapy

Qing Pei1,2, Xiuli Hu1 (*), Xiaohua Zheng1,2, Rui Xia1,2, Shi Liu1, Zhigang Xie1 (*), and Xiabin Jing1

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1 State Key Laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130022, China
2 University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China

Keywords: human serum albumin, prodrug nanoparticles, tumor redox heterogeneity-responsiveness, controlled drug release, synergistic cancer therapy
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  • Abstract
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Inspired by the clinically approved albumin based PTX formulation (Abraxane) and high-drug-loading dimeric prodrug tactics, herein we report a theranostic “Abraxane-like” prodrug formulation, which is comprised of human serum albumin (HSA), a paclitaxel (PTX) dimer bridged with thioether liner (PTX2-S), and photosensitizer IR780 iodide. Nanoparticles (NPs) with PTX2-S and IR780 as the core and HSA as the stealth shell are formed. Compared with HSA-based PTX clinical formulation (Abraxane), the dimeric molecules not only constitute the bulk structure of the particles, but also act as crossing agent, thus realizing drug loading content increasing from 6.6 wt.% to 48.7 wt.% with high loading efficiency (> 90%) and excellent stability in biological conditions. Importantly, the thioether linkage dually responds to the tumor redox heterogeneity and the NPs gradually releases the parent drug PTX for chemotherapy. Meanwhile, PTX2-S facilitates the encapsulation of IR780 iodide due to their π-π stacking interaction and IR780 iodide generates spatio-temporal hyperthermia under light irradiation to kill cancer cells for photothermal therapy. The described craft integrates the biomimetic trait of HSA, high drug loading, tumor redox heterogeneityinitiated on-demand drug release, and combination therapy into one formulation and the developed nanoparticles are promising for cancer treatment.
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Albumin-bound paclitaxel dimeric prodrug nanoparticles with tumor redox heterogeneity-triggered drug release for synergistic photothermal/ chemotherapy. Nano Res. 2019, 12(4): 877–887 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-019-2318-7

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