Review Article

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2020, 13(1): 18–37

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https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-019-2589-z

Graphitic carbon nitride with different dimensionalities for energy and environmental applications

Qiang Hao1, Guohua Jia2, Wei Wei1, Ajayan Vinu3, Yuan Wang4, Hamidreza Arandiyan5, and Bing-Jie Ni1 (*)

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1 Centre for Technology in Water and Wastewater (CTWW), School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia
2 Curtin Institute of Functional Molecules and Interfaces, School of Molecular and Life Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
3 Global Innovative Centre for Advanced Nanomaterials (GICAN), School of Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
4 School of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
5 Laboratory of Advanced Catalysis for Sustainability, School of Chemistry, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia

Keywords: graphitic carbon nitride, micro-nano structure, energy functional materials, environmental functional materials, photocatalyst
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  • Abstract
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As a metal-free semiconductor, graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) has received extensive attention due to its high stability, nontoxicity, facile and low-cost synthesis, appropriate band gap in the visible spectral range and wide availability of resources. The dimensions of g-C3N4 can influence the regime of the confinement of electrons, and consequently, g-C3N4 with various dimensionalities shows different properties, making them available for many stimulating applications. Although there are some reviews focusing on the synthesis strategy and applications of g-C3N4, there is still a lack of comprehensive review that systemically summarises the synthesis and application of different dimensions of g-C3N4, which can provide an important theoretical and practical basis for the development of g-C3N4 with different dimensionalities and maximises their potential in diverse applications. By reviewing the latest progress of g-C3N4 studies, we aim to summarise the preparation of g-C3N4 with different dimensionalities using various structural engineering strategies, discuss the fundamental bottlenecks of currently existing methods and their solution strategies, and explore their applications in energy and environmental applications. Furthermore, it also puts forward the views on the future research direction of these unique materials.
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Graphitic carbon nitride with different dimensionalities for energy and environmental applications. Nano Res. 2020, 13(1): 18–37 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-019-2589-z

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