Research Article

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2021, 14(5): 1488–1494

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https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-020-3207-9

Exciton recycling via InP quantum dot funnels for luminescent solar concentrators

Houman Bahmani Jalali1,§, Sadra Sadeghi2,§, Isinsu Baylam3,4, Mertcan Han5, Cleva W. Ow-Yang6, Alphan Sennaroglu3,4, and Sedat Nizamoglu1,2,5 (✉)

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1 Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences and Engineering, Koç University, Istanbul 34450, Turkey
2 Graduate School of Material Science and Engineering, Koç University, Istanbul 34450, Turkey
3 Koç University Surface Science and Technology Center (KUYTAM), Koç University, Istanbul 34450, Turkey
4 Laser Research Laboratory, Koç University, Istanbul 34450, Turkey
5 Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Koç University, Istanbul 34450, Turkey
6 Department of Material Science and Nano Engineering, Sabanci University, Istanbul 34956, Turkey
§ Houman Bahmani Jalali and Sadra Sadeghi contributed equally to this work.

Keywords: energy transfer, indium phosphide, quantum dot, light harvesting, luminescent solar concentrator, luminescent solar concentrators (LSC)
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Luminescent solar concentrators (LSC) absorb large-area solar radiation and guide down-converted emission to solar cells for electricity production. Quantum dots (QDs) have been widely engineered at device and quantum dot levels for LSCs. Here, we demonstrate cascaded energy transfer and exciton recycling at nanoassembly level for LSCs. The graded structure composed of different sized toxic-heavy-metal-free InP/ZnS core/shell QDs incorporated on copper doped InP QDs, facilitating exciton routing toward narrow band gap QDs at a high nonradiative energy transfer efficiency of 66%. At the final stage of non-radiative energy transfer, the photogenerated holes make ultrafast electronic transitions to copper-induced mid-gap states for radiative recombination in the near-infrared. The exciton recycling facilitates a photoluminescence quantum yield increase of 34% and 61% in comparison with semi-graded and ungraded energy profiles, respectively. Thanks to the suppressed reabsorption and enhanced photoluminescence quantum yield, the graded LSC achieved an optical quantum efficiency of 22.2%. Hence, engineering at nanoassembly level combined with nonradiative energy transfer and exciton funneling offer promise for efficient solar energy harvesting.
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Exciton recycling via InP quantum dot funnels for luminescent solar concentrators. Nano Res. 2021, 14(5): 1488–1494 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-020-3207-9

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