Hao Lv2,§, Yaru Wang1,§, Dongdong Xu1 (✉), and Ben Liu1,2 (✉)
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1 Jiangsu Key Laboratory of New Power Batteries, Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Biomedical Functional Materials, School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China 2 College of Chemistry, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China § Hao Lv and Yaru Wang contributed equally to this work.
Porous features of mesoporous metal nanocrystals are critically important for their applications in catalysis, sorption, and
biomedicine and bioimaging. However, precisely engineering porous architectures of mesoporous metals is still highly challenging.
Herein, we report a facile soft-templating strategy to precisely engineer porous architectures of multicomponent PdCuBP mesoporous
nanospheres (MSs) by using the surfactants with different amphiphilic features. Three kinds of MSs with distinct porous architectures,
including three-dimensional (3D) opened/interconnected dendritic mesopores (dMSs), one-dimensional (1D) cylindered mesopores
(cMSs), and zero-dimensional (0D) spherical mesopores (sMSs), are prepared. This surfactant-templating method is generally
extended to regulate elemental compositions of multicomponent MSs. The resultant Pd-based MSs have been evaluated as the
electrocatalysts for ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR). Our results show that quaternary PdCuBP dMSs display remarkably high
catalytic activity and better stability for electrocatalytic EOR, compared to those of multicomponent MSs with other porous
architectures and less elemental compositions. Mechanism studies reveal that PdCuBP dMSs combine multiple structural and
compositional advantages, which kinetically accelerate the electron/mass transfers and also improve the tolerances to poisoning
intermediates. We believe that the porous architecture engineering in mesoporous metal electrocatalysts will present a new way to
design highly efficient electrocatalysts with desired porous systems and explore their relations towards (electro)catalysis.