Review Article

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2021, 14(12): 4398–4416

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https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-021-3412-9

Single atom catalysts by atomic diffusion strategy

Lihong Lin, Zhuo Chen (✉), and Wenxing Chen (✉)

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Energy & Catalysis Center, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China

Keywords: single atomic catalyst, gas diffusion, solid diffusion, liquid diffusion
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  • Abstract
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The depletion of energy and increasing environmental pressure have become one of the main challenges in the world today. Synthetic high-efficiency catalysts bring hope for efficient conversion of energy and effective treatment of pollutants, especially, single-atom catalysts (SACs) are promising candidates. Herein, we comprehensively summarizes the atomic diffusion strategy, which is considered as an effective method to prepare a series of SACs. According to the different diffusion forms of the precursors, we review the synthesis pathways of SACs from three aspects: gas diffusion, solid diffusion and liquid diffusion. The gaseous diffusion method mainly discusses atomic layer deposition (ALD) and chemical vapor deposition (CVD), both of which carry out gas phase mass transfer at high temperatures. The solid-state diffusion method can be divided into nanoparticle transformation into single atoms and solid atom migration. Liquid diffusion mainly describes the electrochemical method and the molten salt method. We hope this review can trigger the rational design of SACs.
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Single atom catalysts by atomic diffusion strategy. Nano Res. 2021, 14(12): 4398–4416 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-021-3412-9

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