Review Article

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2021, 14(9): 3159–3173

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https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-021-3425-9

Confined nanospace pyrolysis: A versatile strategy to create hollow structured porous carbons

Rui-Ping Zhang, Wen-Cui Li, Guang-Ping Hao, and An-Hui Lu (✉)

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State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China

Keywords: confined nanospace pyrolysis, hollow structures, carbon materials, core-shell structures, dispersibility
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  • Abstract
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Confined nanospace pyrolysis (CNP) has attracted increasing attention as a general strategy to prepare task-specific hollow structured porous carbons (HSPCs) in the past decade. The unique advantages of the CNP strategy include its outstanding ability in control of the monodispersity, porosity and internal cavity of HSPCs. As a consequence, the obtained HSPCs perform exceptionally well in applications where a high dispersibility and tailored cavity are particularly required, such as drug delivery, energy storage, catalysis and so on. In this review, the fundamentals of the CNP strategy and its advances in structural alternation is first summarized, then typical applications are discussed by exemplifying specific synthesis examples. In addition, this review offers insights into future developments for advanced task-specific hollow structured porous materials prepared by the CNP strategy.
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Confined nanospace pyrolysis: A versatile strategy to create hollow structured porous carbons. Nano Res. 2021, 14(9): 3159–3173 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-021-3425-9

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