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Evaluating the performance of nanostructured materials as lithium-ion battery electrodes

Mark J. Armstrong1, Colm O¡¯Dwyer2, William J. Macklin4, and Justin. D. Holmes1,3 ()

1 Materials Chemistry & Analysis Group, Department of Chemistry and the Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
2 Applied Nanoscience Group, Department of Chemistry and the Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
3 Centre for Research on Adaptive Nanostructures and Nanodevices (CRANN), Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
4 Nexeon Limited, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, UK

DOI 10.1007/s12274-013-0375-x

Nano Research 2014, 7(1):1-62

Address correspondence to

Nanostructured materials have received tremendous attention as potential Li-ion electrodes due to their unique size-dependent properties. In this review, we highlight a number of significant recent examples of nanostructured architectures as potential drivers of next-generation Li-ion batteries.


Spin-resolved self-doping tunes the intrinsic half- metallicity of AlN nanoribbons

Alejandro Lopez-Bezanilla(), P. Ganesh (), Paul R. C. Kent, and Bobby G. Sumpter

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, One Bethel Valley Road, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6493, USA
Present address: Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Lemont, IL 60439, USA

DOI 10.1007/s12274-013-0371-1

Nano Research 2014, 7(1): 63-70

Address correspondence to Alejandro Lopez-Bezanilla,; P. Ganesh,

Half-metallicity of AlN nanoribbons can be tuned by both external applied electric fields and uniaxial strain in a spin-selective and self-doping process.


Koutecky¨CLevich analysis applied to nanoparticle modified rotating disk electrodes: Electrocatalysis or misinterpretation?

Justus Masa1,2, Christopher Batchelor-McAuley1, Wolfgang Schuhmann2, and Richard G. Compton1 ()

1 Department of Chemistry, Physical and Theoretical Chemistry Laboratory, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QZ, UK
2 Analytische Chemie and Center for Electrochemical Sciences-CES, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstr 150, D-44780 Bochum, Germany  

DOI 10.1007/s12274-013-0372-0

Nano Research 2014, 7(1):71-78

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A false electrocatalytic effect is manifested when an inert electrode surface is modified with nano- or micro-particles so that the total electroactive surface area of the particles is greater than the geometric area of the electrode.


Construction of two-dimensional hydrogen clusters on Au(111) directed by phthalocyanine molecules

Kai Yang, Wende Xiao, Liwei Liu, Xiangmin Fei, Hui Chen, Shixuan Du, and Hong-Jun Gao ()

Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China

DOI 10.1007/s12274-013-0373-z

Nano Research 2014, 7(1):79-84

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Manganese phthalocyanine (MnPc) molecules anchored on an Au(111) surface are used to efficiently collect and pin hydrogen molecules. The hydrogen molecules self-assemble into ordered two- dimensional (2D) clusters, exhibiting bias-dependent topography and spatial-dependent conductance spectra. The 2D H2 clusters are in an interfacial phase between 2D solid and 2D fluid.


Hierarchical 3D mesoporous silicon@graphene nanoarchitectures for lithium ion batteries with superior performance

Shuangqiang Chen1, Peite Bao2, Xiaodan Huang1, Bing Sun1, and Guoxiu Wang1 ()

1 Centre for Clean Energy Technology, School of Chemistry and Forensic Science, University of Technology, Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia
2 School of Physics, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia

DOI 10.1007/s12274-013-0374-y

Nano Research 2014, 7(1):85-94

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Hierarchical 3D mesoporous C@Si@graphene foam (C@Si@GF) nanocomposites have been successfully synthesized by a thermal bubble ejection assisted chemical-vapor-deposition and magnesiothermic reduction method. When employed as anode materials for lithium ion batteries, C@Si@GF nanocomposites exhibited superior electrochemical performance including a high specific capacity of 1,200 mAh/g at the current density of 1 A/g, excellent high rate capabilities and an outstanding cyclability.


Scalable arrays of chemical vapor sensors based on DNA-decorated graphene

Nicholas J. Kybert1, Gang Hee Han1, Mitchell B. Lerner1,†, Eric N. Dattoli1, Ali Esfandiar1, and A. T. Charlie Johnson1 ()

1 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Present address: SPAWAR Systems Center Pacific, San Diego, CA 92152, USA

DOI 10.1007/s12274-013-0376-9

Nano Research 2014, 7(1):95-103

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Large arrays of chemical vapor sensors based on chemical vapor deposition (CVD) graphene field effect transistors functionalized with single-stranded DNA are demonstrated down to parts-perbillion concentrations. Chemically similar analytes, including a series of carboxylic acids, and structural isomers of pinene are distinguished and evidence is shown for the important role of electrostatic chemical gating as a sensing mechanism.


Fabrication of periodically aligned vertical single-crystalline anatase TiO2 nanotubes with perfect hexagonal open-ends using chemical capping materials

Hui Song1, Kyubong Jo2, Bock Young Jung3 (), and Gun Young Jung1 ()

1 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Gwangju, Republic of Korea
2 Department of Chemistry and Interdisciplinary Program of Integrated Biotechnology, Sogang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
3 Department of General Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

DOI 10.1007/s12274-013-0377-8

Nano Research 2014, 7(1):104-109

Address correspondence to B. Y. Jung,; G. Y. Jung,

Vertically aligned anatase TiO2 nanotubes with hexagonally shaped open-ends can be fabricated using a hydrothermally grown ZnO nanorod template and a chemical capping material that allows for easy peeling of the TiO2 top cover during the selective wet-etching of the ZnO core, as shown above taken in sequential time order.


Enhanced electrochemical performance in lithium ion batteries of a hollow spherical lithium-rich cathode material synthesized by a molten salt method

Xin He, Jun Wang, Richard Kloepsch, Steffen Krueger, Haiping Jia, Haidong Liu, Britta Vortmann, and Jie Li ()

MEET Battery Research Center / Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Muenster, Corrensstrasse 46, D-48149 Muenster, Germany

DOI 10.1007/s12274-013-0378-7

Nano Research 2014, 7(1):110-118

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A Li-rich cathode material obtained by a molten salt synthesis method exhibits excellent electrochemical performance due to its good secondary particle dispersion.


Thorium/uranium mixed oxide nanocrystals: Synthesis, structural characterization and magnetic properties

Damien Hudry1 (), Jean-Christophe Griveau1 (), Christos Apostolidis1, Olaf Walter1,6, Eric Colineau1, Gert Rasmussen1, Di Wang2,3, Venkata Sai Kiran Chakravadhaluna2,4, Eglantine Courtois2, Christian K¨¹bel2,3, and Daniel Meyer5

1 European Commission: Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Elements, P. O. Box 2340, 76125 Karlsruhe, Germany
2 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Nanotechnology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
3 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
4 Helmholtz Institute Ulm for Electrochemical Energy Storage, Albert-Einstein-Allee 11, 89069 Ulm, Germany
5 Institut de Chimie S¨¦parative de Marcoule, UMR 5257, BP 17171, 30207 Bagnols sur C¨¨ze Cedex, France
6 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Catalysis Research and Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany

DOI 10.1007/s12274-013-0379-6

Nano Research 2014, 7(1):119-131

Address correspondence to D. Hudry,; J.-C. Griveau,

We report on the non-aqueous synthesis of Th1¨CxUxO2 nanocrystals by the controlled hot co-injection of thorium acetylacetonate and uranyl acetate in a highly coordinating organic medium. The synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of the as-prepared nanocrystals are investigated.


Alumina-coated Ag nanocrystal monolayers as surfaceenhanced Raman spectroscopy platforms for the direct spectroscopic detection of water splitting reaction intermediates

Xing Yi Ling1,†,¡ì, Ruoxue Yan1,‡,¡ì, Sylvia Lo1, Dat Tien Hoang1, Chong Liu1, Melissa A. Fardy1, Sher Bahadar Khan2, Abdullah M. Asiri2, Salem M. Bawaked2, and Peidong Yang1,2 ()

1 Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-1460, USA
2 Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research (CEAMR), King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, P.O. Box 80203, Saudi Arabia
Present address: Division of Chemistry and Biological Chemistry, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Present address: Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering. University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
¡ì These authors contributed equally to this work.

DOI 10.1007/s12274-013-0380-0

Nano Research 2014, 7(1):132-143

Address correspondence to

A novel Ag¨Calumina hybrid surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) platform has been designed for the spectroscopic detection of surface reactions in the steady state.


Surface-area-tuned, quantum-dot-sensitized heterostructured nanoarchitectures for highly efficient photoelectrodes

Sangbaek Park1, Donghoe Kim1, Chan Woo Lee1, Seong-Deok Seo2, Hae Jin Kim1, Hyun Soo Han1, Kug Sun Hong1 (), and Dong-Wan Kim2 ()

1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744, R. O. Korea
2 Department of Energy Systems Research and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Ajou University, Suwon 443-749, R. O. Korea

DOI 10.1007/s12274-013-0381-z

Nano Research 2014, 7(1):144-153

Address correspondence to Dong-Wan Kim,; Kug Sun Hong,

The development of efficient photoelectrodes for hydrogen production is industrially and environmentally important. Here, the authors show that hierarchically and epitaxially branched heterostructures based on transparent conducting oxide are beneficial to photoelec¬trochemical performance.


Anomalous moir¨¦ pattern of graphene investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy: Evidence of graphene growth on oxidized Cu(111)

Nicolas Reckinger, Eloise Van Hooijdonk, Fr¨¦d¨¦ric Joucken, Anastasia V. Tyurnina, St¨¦phane Lucas, and Jean-François Colomer ()

Research Center in Physics of Matter and Radiation (PMR), University of Namur, Rue de Bruxelles 61, B-5000 Namur, Belgium

DOI 10.1007/s12274-013-0382-y

Nano Research 2014, 7(1):154-162

Address correspondence to

Anomalous moir¨¦ patterns composed of well-defined linear periodic modulations have been observed on graphene grown on (111) copper. The explanation is that graphene grows on the oxygeninduced reconstructed copper surface and not on the oriented (111) copper as expected.


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