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Review of MXenes as new nanomaterials for energy storage/delivery and selected environmental applications

Byung-Moon Jun1,∫, Sewoon Kim1,∫, Jiyong Heo2, Chang Min Park3, Namguk Her2, Min Jang4, Yi Huang5, Jonghun Han2 (*), and Yeomin Yoon1 (*)

1 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, 300 Main Street, SC 29208, USA
2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Korea Army Academy at Young-Cheon, 495 Hogook-ro, Kokyungmeon, Young-Cheon, Gyeongbuk 38900, Republic of Korea
3 Department of Environmental Engineering, Kyungpook National University, 80 Daehak-ro, Buk-gu, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea
4 Department of Environmental Engineering, Kwangwoon University, 447-1 Wolgye-Dong Nowon-Gu, Seoul 01897, Republic of Korea
5 School of Engineering, Institute for Materials & Processes (IMP), The University of Edinburgh, Colin Maclaurin Road, Edinburgh EH9 3DW, Scotland, UK
Byung-Moon Jun and Sewoon Kim contributed equally to this work.

2019, 12(3): 471每487

Address correspondence to Jonghun Han,; Yeomin Yoon,

Recently, two-dimensional MXenes and MXene-based nanomaterials have attracted increasing interest because of their unique properties (e. g., remarkable safety, a very large interlayer spacing, environmental flexibility, a large surface area, and thermal conductivity). We present a comprehensive review of recent studies on energy and environmental applications of MXene and MXene-based nanomaterials, including energy conversion and storage, adsorption, membrane, photocatalysis, and antimicrobial.


Nanomaterial-based optical indicators: Promise, opportunities, and challenges in the development of colorimetric systems for intelligent packaging

Nattinee Bumbudsanpharoke and Seonghyuk Ko (*)

Laboratory of Nano-Enabled Packaging and Safety, Department of Packaging, Yonsei University, 1 Yonseidaegil, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do 26493, Republic of Korea

2019, 12(3): 489每500

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The utilization of nanomaterial such as metal nanoparticles or photonic nanocrystals shows superior performance in novel communicative functions than the traditional colorimetric indicator because of their unique optical properties and high surface reactivity.


Motif-mediated Au25(SPh)5(PPh3)10X2 nanorods with conjugated electron delocalization

Kai Zheng1,2,∫, Jiangwei Zhang1,∫, Dan Zhao3, Yong Yang4, Zhimin Li1,2, and Gao Li1 (*)

1 State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, China
2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3 Institute of Catalysis for Energy and Environment, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shenyang Normal University, Shenyang 110034, China
4 Department of Materials Science & Engineering, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Kai Zheng and Jiangwei Zhang contributed equally to this work.

2019, 12(3): 501每507

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A general and effective synthetic strategy is developed to afford aromatic thiolate-ligated Au25 nanorods.The conjugated delocalized p羽 electrons can effectively tune the electronic properties of the Au25 kernel and its catalytic activity in the glucose oxidation.


Unusual switchable peroxidase-mimicking nanozyme for the determination of proteolytic biomarker

Claire McVey1, Natasha Logan1, Nguyen T. K. Thanh2,3, Christopher Elliott1, and Cuong Cao1,4 (*)

1 Institute for Global Food Security, School of Biological Sciences, Queen*s University Belfast, 18-30 Malone Road, Belfast, BT9 5BN, UK
2 Biophysics Group, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
3 UCL Healthcare Biomagnetic and Nanomaterials Laboratories, 21 Albemarle Street, London W1S 4BS, UK
4 Material and Advanced Technologies for Healthcare, Queen*s University Belfast, 18-30 Malone Road, Belfast, BT9 5BN, UK

2019, 12(3): 509每516

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A simple, low cost, and easy to use nanosensor, based on the switchable peroxidase-mimicking activity of plasmonic AuNPs was developed for the detection of protease, an enzyme biomarker indicative of bacterial contamination or clinical infection. AuNPs were modified with casein which had dual function in the suppression of peroxidase-mimicking activity and also as recognition sites for protease, resulting in the degradation of casein and subsequent recovery of peroxidase-mimicking activity.


Well-defined carbon nanoframes containing bimetal-N-C active sites as efficient bi-functional electrocatalysts for Li-O2 batteries

Tie Liu1, Leidanyang Wang2, Tao Huang2, and Aishui Yu1 (*)

1 Department of Chemistry, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Energy Materials, Institute of New Energy, Fudan University, Shanghai 200438, China
2 Laboratory of Advanced Materials, Fudan University, Shanghai 200438, China

2019, 12(3): 517每523

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Pyridinic-N-dominated carbon frameworks with bimetallic (Co, Zn) nanoparticles as a promising bi-functional catalyst have been successfully prepared and applied into Li-O2 batteries.


Infiltrating lithium into carbon cloth decorated with zinc oxide arrays for dendrite-free lithium metal anode

Xianshu Wang1,2,∫, Zhenghui Pan2,∫, Yang Wu3, Xiaoyu Ding2, Xujia Hong1, Guoguang Xu2, Meinan Liu2, Yuegang Zhang2,3,4 (*), and Weishan Li1,4 (*)

1 School of Chemistry and Environment, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, China
2 i-lab, Suzhou Institute of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou 215123, China
3 Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
4 Engineering Research Center of MTEES (Ministry of Education), Research Center of BMET (Guangdong Province), and Key Laboratory of ETESPG (GHEI), South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, China
Xianshu Wang and Zhenghui Pan contributed equally to this work.

2019, 12(3): 525每529

Address correspondence to Yuegang Zhang,; Weishan Li,

Li-CC@ZnO anode based on a carbon cloth decorated with vertical ZnO nano-wires arrays has been fabricated by thermal molten Li infiltration. This anode enables dendrite-free reversible Li plating/stripping at a high rate, and no electrode pulverization during cycling.


Ordered two-dimensional porous Co3O4 nanosheets as electrocatalysts for rechargeable Li-O2 batteries

Yu Zhang1,∫, Mingzhen Hu2,3,∫, Mengwei Yuan1, Genban Sun1, Yufeng Li1, Kebin Zhou2, Chen Chen3, Caiyun Nan1 (*), and Yadong Li3

1 College of Chemistry, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2 School of Chemical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3 Department of Chemistry, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Yu Zhang and Mingzhen Hu contributed equally to this work.

2019, 12(2): 299每302

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Ordered two-dimensional Co3O4 nanosheets have been designed as cathode catalysts for Li-O2 batteries, and it presented high initial discharge capacity and good cycling stability due to the superiority of structure.


Black phosphorus inverter devices enabled by in-situ aluminum surface modification

Yue Zheng1,2,∫, Zehua Hu2,∫, Cheng Han3, Rui Guo4, Du Xiang2,4, Bo Lei2, Yanan Wang2, Jun He5, Min Lai1, and Wei Chen2,4,6 (*)

1 School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
2 Department of Physics, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117542, Singapore
3 SZU-NUS Collaborative Innovation Center for Optoelectronic Science and Technology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
4 Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore
5 School of Physics and Electronics, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
6 National University of Singapore (Suzhou) Research Institute, Suzhou 215123, China
Yue Zheng and Zehua Hu contributed equally to this work.

2019, 12(3): 531每536

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High gain inverter based on few-layer black phosphorus is obtained by aluminum surface modification.


Guest selectivity in the supramolecular host networks fabricated by van der Waals force and hydrogen bond

Xuan Peng1,3,∫, Yanfang Geng1,3,∫, Min Zhang2, Faliang Cheng2 (*), Linxiu Cheng1,3, Ke Deng1,3 (*), and Qingdao Zeng1,2,3 (*)

1 CAS Key Laboratory of Standardization and Measurement for Nanotechnology, CAS Center for Excellence in Nanoscience, National Center for Nanoscience and Technology (NCNST), No.11 ZhongguancunBeiyitiao, Beijing 100190, China
2 Guangdong Engineering and Technology Research Center for Advanced Nanomaterials, School of Environment and Civil Engineering, Dongguan University of Technology, Dongguan 523808, China
3 Center of Materials Science and Optoelectonics Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Xuan Peng and Yanfang Geng contributed equally to this work.

2019, 12(3): 537每542

Address correspondence to Faliang Cheng,; Ke Deng,; Qingdao Zeng,

Coronene (COR) heptamers were formed in the supramolecular architectures of H4ETTC and hexaphenybenzene (HPB), and showed preferential adsorption to HPB host network.


Decorative near-infrared transmission filters featuring high-efficiency and angular-insensitivity employing 1D photonic crystals

Chengang Ji1,∫, Chenying Yang1,2,∫, Weidong Shen2 (*), Kyu-Tae Lee3, Yueguang Zhang2, Xu Liu2, and L. Jay Guo1 (*)

1 Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
2 State Key Laboratory of Modern Optical Instrumentation, Department of Optical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
3 Department of Physics, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Republic of Korea
Chengang Ji and Chenying Yang contributed equally to this work.

2019, 12(3): 543每548

Address correspondence to L. Jay Guo,; Weidong Shen,

Decorative visibly-opaque but near-infrared (NIR)-transmitting filters that possess high-efficiency and angular-insensitivity are demonstrated employing one-dimensional ternary photonic crystals. Different reflective colors can be generated without affecting the NIR transmission performance, thus opening up new possibilities for a wide variety of applications such as image sensors, optical detections, and NIR decorations.


Nitrogen, phosphorus co-doped carbon cloth as self-standing electrode for lithium-iodine batteries

Kang Li1, Song Chen1, Si Chen1, Xien Liu2, Wei Pan3, and Jintao Zhang1 (*)

1 Key Laboratory for Colloid and Interface Chemistry, Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China
2 State Key Laboratory Base of Eco-chemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Qingdao University of Science & Technology, Qingdao 266042, China
3 College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China

2019, 12(3): 549每555

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N, P co-doped carbon cloth electrode which possess abundant micropores exhibits superior cycling stability at a high current density.


Unravelling a solution-based formation of single-crystalline kinked wurtzite nanowires: The case of MnSe

Xinyi Yang1, Bo Zhou1, Chuang Liu1, Yongming Sui1, Guanjun Xiao1, Yingjin Wei2, Xin Wang3, and Bo Zou1 (*)

1 State Key Laboratory of Superhard Materials, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
2 Laboratory of Physics and Technology for Advanced Batteries (Ministry of Education), Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
3 College of Physics, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China

DOI 10.1007/s12274-017-1424-7

Nano Research 2017, 10(7): 2311每2320

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A rational strategy for nonpolar axial-oriented growth and switching was developed to sculpt single-crystalline kinked wurtzite MnSe nanowires in a facile solution-based procedure. The ability to continuously switch the nonpolar axial-growth orientation allowed us to craft the multiply kinking landscape.


Panorama of boron nitride nanostructures via lamp ablation

Sehrina Eshon1, Weike Zhang3, Martin Saunders2, Yujun Zhang4, Hui Tong Chua1, and Jeffrey M. Gordon1,5 (*)

1 Department of Chemical Engineering, The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA 6009, Australia
2 Centre for Microscopy, Characterisation and Analysis, The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA 6009, Australia
3 School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China
4 Department of Material Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, China
5 Department of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer Campus 8499000, Israel

2019, 12(3): 557每562

Address correspondence to

The quest to synthesize boron nitride (BN) nanostructures stems from their exhibiting a host of extraordinary chemical and physical properties, with the hollow closed-cage nanoparticles (nano-onions) having proved particularly elusive. Here, we report how the novel procedure of lamp ablation produces a variety of BN nanostructures〞most notably nano-onions, for which transmission electron micrographs are shown above〞in a process that is rapid, free of toxic reagents, and scalable, thereby offering significant advantages relative to the alternative methods.


Doping modulated in-plane anisotropic Raman enhancement on layered ReS2

Na Zhang1, Jingjing Lin1, Shuqing Zhang1, Shishu Zhang1, Xiaobo Li2, Dongyan Liu2, Hua Xu2, Jin Zhang1, and Lianming Tong1 (*)

1 Center for Nanochemistry, Beijing Science and Engineering Center for Nanocarbons, Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
2 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi*an 710119, China

2019, 12(3): 563每568

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Layered ReS2 can be doped by gold film, and electrons are injected into the conduction band of ReS2. The doping level is layer-number dependent and can be probed by the change of enhancement factor and the degree of anisotropy in enhanced Raman intensities of copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) probe molecules.


Formation mechanism of twin domain boundary in 2D materials: The case for WTe2

Guan-Yong Wang1,∫, Weiyu Xie2,3,∫, Dan Xu1, Hai-Yang Ma1, Hao Yang1, Hong Lu4, Hao-Hua Sun1, Yao-Yi Li1, Shuang Jia4, Liang Fu5, Shengbai Zhang2 (*), and Jin-Feng Jia1,6 (*)

1 Key Laboratory of Artificial Structures and Quantum Control (Ministry of Education), School of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
2 Department of Physics, Applied Physics, and Astronomy, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180, USA
3 Institute of Chemical Materials, China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), P. O. Box 919-327, Mianyang 621900, China
4 International Center for Quantum Materials, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100084, China
5 Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
6 Tsung-Dao Lee Institute, Shanghai 200240, China
Guan-Yong Wang and Weiyu Xie contributed equally to this work.

2019, 12(3): 569每573

Address correspondence to Jin-Feng Jia,; Shengbai Zhang,

The formation mechanism of twin domain boundary in WTe2 is revealed by high-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) combined with density functional theory calculations.


Hierarchical growth of a novel Mn-Bi coupled BiVO4 arrays for enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting

Lu Wang, Jinzhan Su (*), and Liejin Guo (*)

International Research Center for Renewable Energy, State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, School of Energy & Power Engineering, Xi*an Jiaotong University, Xi*an 710049, China

2019, 12(3): 575每580

Address correspondence to Jinzhan Su,; Liejin Guo,

Due to the spontaneous photo-electric-field-enhancement effect in nanocone structure, Mn-Bi oxygen evolution catalyst was selectively deposited at the apex of BiVO4 nanaocone by photodeposition. The obtained novel structure shows significant improvement of photocurrent as a result of enhanced surface charge injection efficiency.


Insight of surface treatments for CMOS compatibility of InAs nanowires

Daya S. Dhungana1, Anne Hemeryck1, Nicolo Sartori1, Pier-Francesco Fazzini2, Filadelfo Cristiano1, and S谷bastien R. Plissard1 (*)

1 CNRS, LAAS-CNRS, Universit谷 de Toulouse, F-31400 Toulouse, France
2 LPCNO, INSA, Universit谷 de Toulouse, Toulouse, France

2019, 12(3): 581每586

Address correspondence to

Full CMOS compatible InAs nanowires on Si(111) have been grown by MBE without crossing the CMOS thermal budget at any point.


Water transport through subnanopores in the ultimate size limit: Mechanism from molecular dynamics

Jiyu Xu1,2,∫, Chongqin Zhu3,∫, Yifei Wang1,2,∫, Hui Li1,4,∫, Yongfeng Huang1,2, Yutian Shen1,2, Joseph S. Francisco3, Xiao Cheng Zeng3 (*), and Sheng Meng1,2 (*)

1 Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
2 School of Physical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3 Department of Chemistry, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA
4 Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Soft Matter Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
Jiyu Xu, Chongqin Zhu, Yifei Wang, and Hui Li contributed equally to this work.

2019, 12(3): 587每592

Address correspondence to Sheng Meng,; Xiao Cheng Zeng,

Simulations show that water can transport through the 0.57-nm subnanopores via a chemical-reaction-like activated process.


All in one theranostic nanoplatform enables efficient anti-tumor peptide delivery for triple-modal imaging guided cancer therapy

Xiaoyan Qu1, Zhengqing Liu2, Bohan Ma1, Na Li1,4, Hongyang Zhao1, Tian Yang3, Yumeng Xue1, Xiaozhi Zhang3, Yongping Shao1, Ying Chang1, Jun Xu2, Bo Lei1 (*), and Yaping Du2 (*)

1 Frontier Institute of Science and Technology, Key Laboratory of Shaanxi Province for Craniofacial Precision Medicine Research, College of Stomatology, State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Instrument Analysis Center, Xi*an Jiaotong University, Xi*an 710000, China
2 School of Materials Science and Engineering, National Institute for Advanced Materials, Center for Rare Earth and Inorganic Functional Materials, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China
3 Department of Radiation Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi*an Jiaotong University, Xi*an 710000, China
4 Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973, USA

2019, 12(3): 593每599

Address correspondence to Yaping Du,; Bo Lei,

A multifunctional nanoplatform based on porous europium/gadolinium (Eu/Gd)-doped NaLa (MoO4)2 nanoparticles was constructed to deliver antitumor peptide of BIM for cancer therapy. Importantly, the BIM peptide was efficiently delivered into the tumor cells, and then inhibited the growth and promoted the apoptosis of cancer cells in vitro.


Selectively patterned TiO2 nanorods as electron transport pathway for high performance perovskite solar cells

Daihong Huh1,∫, KyoungSuk Oh1,2,∫, Minjin Kim1,2,∫, Hak-Jong Choi1,3, Dong Suk Kim2 (*), and Heon Lee1 (*)

1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Korea University, Anam-ro 145, Sungbuk-Gu, Seoul 136-701, Republic of Korea
2 KIER-UNIST Advanced Center for Energy, Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER), UNIST-Gil 50, Eonyang-eup, Ulju-gun, Ulsan, 689-851, Republic of Korea
3 Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Daihong Huh, KyungSuk Oh, and Minjin Kim contributed equally to this work.

2019, 12(3): 601每606

Address correspondence to Dong Suk Kim,; Heon Lee,

By using selectively patterned TiO2 nanorod as an electron transport layer, the optical and electrical properties improvement of the perovskite solar cell was confirmed. In this study, fabricated perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have a conversion efficiency of 19.86%.


N-doped-carbon coated Ni2P-Ni sheets anchored on graphene with superior energy storage behavior

Yuanxing Zhang, Li Sun (*), Liqi Bai, Haochen Si, Yu Zhang, and Yihe Zhang (*)

Beijing Key Laboratory of Materials Utilization of Nonmetallic Minerals and Solid Wastes, National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, No. 29, Xueyuan road, Haidian district, Beijing 100083, China

2019, 12(3): 607每618

Address correspondence to Li Sun,; Yihe Zhang,

A Ni2P-Ni@NC@graphene composite was fabricated as electrodes for asymmetric supercapacitors and lithium ion batteries, demonstrating outstanding pseudocapacitive characteristics and excellent lithium storage behavior.


Biexciton Auger recombination in mono-dispersed, quantum-confined CsPbBr3 perovskite nanocrystals obeys universal volume-scaling

Yulu Li1,2, Tao Ding2, Xiao Luo2, Zongwei Chen2, Xue Liu2, Xin Lu1 (*), and Kaifeng Wu2 (*)

1 Departmental of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
2 State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics and Dynamics Research Center for Energy and Environmental Materials, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, China

2019, 12(3): 619每623

Address correspondence to Kaifeng Wu,; Xin Lu,

Biexciton Auger recombination lifetime in mono-dispersed, quantum-confined CsPbBr3 perovskite nanocrystals was found to obey the universal volume scaling, but with a scaling factor 12-fold faster than conventional quantum dots.


Nanorattle Au@PtAg encapsulated in ZIF-8 for enhancing CO2 photoreduction to CO

Yuqun Su1, Haitao Xu1 (*), Jiajia Wang1, Xikuo Luo1, Zhen-liang Xu1, Kefu Wang2, and Wenzhong Wang2

1 State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, Membrane Science and Engineering R&D Lab, Chemical Engineering Research Center, East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237, China
2 State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Super Fine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1295 Dingxi Road, Shanghai 200050, China

2019, 12(3): 625每630

Address correspondence to

A zeolitic imidazolate-based metal-organic framework (MOF) catalyst Au@PtAg@ZIF-8 was assembled. The monodisperse bimetallic core-shell nanorods Au@Ag were employed and reacted with K2PtCl4 aqueous solution, which yielded rod-like nanorattles Au@PtAg via galvanic replacement. Au NRs, Au@Ag NRs, and Au@PtAg NRTs (NR=nanorod, NRT=nanorattle) were encapsulated into ZIF-8. Their catalytic effectiveness was investigated for the gas-phase CO2 photoreduction with H2O.


Exploiting oleic acid to prepare two-dimensional assembly of Si@graphitic carbon yolk-shell nanoparticles for lithium-ion battery anodes

Xiao Chen1,2, Chen Chen1,2, Yu Zhang1,2, Xianfeng Zhang1,2, Dong Yang1 (*), and Angang Dong2 (*)

1 State Key Laboratory of Molecular Engineering of Polymer and Department of Macromolecular Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
2 iChem, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Catalysis and Innovative Materials, and Department of Chemistry, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China

2019, 12(3): 631每636

Address correspondence to Angang Dong,; Dong Yang,

Oleic acid, a conventional ligand for colloidal nanocrystal synthesis, has been exploited as a versatile ligand and carbon precursor for the scalable production of two-dimensional (2D) assemblies of interconnected Si@graphitic carbon yolk-shell nanoparticles (2D-Si@gC) from commercial Si powders. Benefiting from its unique architecture, the resulting 2D-Si@gC exhibits excellent rate capability and cycling stability when used as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries.


Efficient renal clearance of DNA tetrahedron nanoparticles enables quantitative evaluation of kidney function

Dawei Jiang1,2,∫, Hyung-Jun Im1,3,∫, Madeline E. Boleyn1,4,∫, Christopher G. England1, Dalong Ni1, Lei Kang1,5, Jonathan W. Engle1, Peng Huang2 (*), Xiaoli Lan6 (*), and Weibo Cai1 (*)

1 Departments of Radiology and Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, 53705, USA
2 Guangdong Key Laboratory for Biomedical Measurements and Ultrasound Imaging, Carson International Cancer Center, Laboratory of Evolutionary Theranostics, School of Biomedical Engineering, Health Science Center, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
3 Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea
4 Departments of Mathematics, and Biology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA
5 Department of Nuclear Medicine, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China
6 Department of Nuclear Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology; Hubei Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging, No. 1277 Jiefang Ave, Wuhan 430022, China
Dawei Jiang, Hyung-Jun Im, and Madeline E. Boleyn contributed equally to this work.

2019, 12(3): 637每642

Address correspondence to Weibo Cai,; Peng Huang,; Xiaoli Lan,

Radiolabeled DNA tetrahedron nanostructures (64Cu-DTN) navigate throughout kidneys in healthy mice and mice with nephropathy, which was analyzed by dynamic PET imaging and a cohesive mathematical model for kidney function evaluation.


Metal每organic framework coated titanium dioxide nanorod array p每n heterojunction photoanode for solar water-splitting

Hui Yang1,∫, Joeseph Bright1,∫, Sujan Kasani4, Peng Zheng1, Terence Musho1, Banglin Chen5, Ling Huang6 (*), and Nianqiang Wu1,2,3 (*)

1 Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506-6106, USA
2 C. Eugene Bennett Department of Chemistry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506-6045, USA
3 Department of Pharmaceutical Science, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506-9530, USA
4 Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
5 Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249-1604, USA
6 Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM), Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), 30 South Puzhu Road, Nanjing 211816, China
Hui Yang and Joeseph Bright contributed equally to this work.

2019, 12(3): 643每650

Address correspondence to Nianqiang Wu,; Ling Huang,

A metal-organic framework (MOF) is coated on titanium dioxide nanorod array via a layer-by-layer self-assembly method, which forms a p-n heterojunction photoanode for photoelectrochemical water splitting. The p-n junction improves the extraction of photogenerated electrons and holes out of the TiO2 nanorods. The MOF coating significantly improves the efficiency of charge injection at the photoanode/electrolyte interface.


Composition optimized trimetallic PtNiRu dendritic nanostructures as versatile and active electrocatalysts for alcohol oxidation

Yan Lu1,∫, Wei Wang1,2,3,∫, Xiaowei Chen1, Yuhui Zhang1, Yanchen Han1, Yong Cheng4, Xue-Jiao Chen1, Kai Liu1, Yuanyuan Wang1, Qiaobao Zhang4, and Shuifen Xie1,3 (*)

1 College of Materials Science and Engineering, Huaqiao University, Xiamen 361021, China
2 Department of Physics, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
3 Shenzhen Research Institute of Xiamen University, Shenzhen 518000, China
4 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
Yan Lu and Wei Wang contributed equally to this work.

2019, 12(3): 651每657

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Trimetallic PtNiRu dendritic nanostructures with precisely optimized compositions can serve as versatile and active catalysts towards diverse alcohol electrooxidations for fuel-flexible fuel cell applications.


Efficient and targeted drug/siRNA co-delivery mediated by reversibly crosslinked polymersomes toward anti-inflammatory treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC)

Xin Xu1,∫, Weijing Yang2,∫, Qiujun Liang1, Yanan Shi2, Wenxin Zhang1, Xiao Wang1, Fenghua Meng2, Zhiyuan Zhong2 (*), and Lichen Yin1 (*)

1 Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials (FUNSOM), the Collaborative Innovation Center of Suzhou Nano Science and Technology, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China
2 Biomedical Polymers Laboratory and Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Polymer Design and Application, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China
Xin Xu and Weijing Yang contributed equally to this work.

2019, 12(3): 659每667

Address correspondence to Lichen Yin; Zhiyuan Zhong,

Macrophage-targeting and reversibly crosslinked polymersomes (TKPR-RCP) were developed to efficiently co-deliver both TNF-汐 siRNA and dexamethasone sodium phosphate (DSP), which afforded potent and cooperative antiinflammatory effect toward the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC).


Hybrid dual-channel phototransistor based on 1D t-Se and 2D ReS2 mixed-dimensional heterostructures

Jingkai Qin1,2,3, Hang Yan1,3, Gang Qiu2, Mengwei Si2, Peng Miao4, Yuqin Duan2, Wenzhu Shao3, Liang Zhen1,3, Chengyan Xu1,3 (*), and Peide D Ye2 (*)

1 State Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding and Joining, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
2 School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
3 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
4 School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China

2019, 12(3): 669每674

Address correspondence to Chengyan Xu,; Peide D Ye,

This work highlights that t-Se/ReS2 hybrid structure might be a promising candidate for future high-performance optoelectronic devices.


Microscopic insight into the single step growth of in-plane heterostructures between graphene and hexagonal boron nitride

Thanh Hai Nguyen1, Daniele Perilli2, Mattia Cattelan1,3, Hongsheng Liu2, Francesco Sedona1, Neil A. Fox3, Cristiana Di Valentin2, and Stefano Agnoli1 (*)

1 Department of Chemical Science University of Padova, Via Francesco Marzolo 1, 35131 Padova, Italy
2 Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali, Universit角 di Milano-Bicocca, via R. Cozzi 55, 20125 Milano, Italy
3 School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Cantocks Close, Bristol BS8 1TS, UK

2019, 12(3): 675每682

Address correspondence to

A variety of h-BN/graphene nanostructures can be obtained by the controlled decomposition of dimethylamino borane complex on the Pt (111) surface at different temperatures, which encompass B and N doped graphene layers, h-BN/graphene two-dimensional (2D) Janus quantum dots, and h-BN/graphene patchy layers. For the first time we report a quite unique 2D heterostructure where the graphene armchair edges are seamlessly connected to the h-BN zigzag edges.


Novel highly active carbon supported ternary PdNiBi nanoparticles as anode catalyst for the alkaline direct ethanol fuel cell

Bernd Cermenek1 (*), Johanna Ranninger1, Birgit Feketeföldi2, Ilse Letofsky-Papst3, Norbert Kienzl4, Brigitte Bitschnau5, and Viktor Hacker1 (*)

1 Institute of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology, Graz University of Technology, NAWI Graz, Inffeldgasse 25/C, 8010 Graz, Austria
2 Institute for Surface Technologies and Photonics, JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH/Materials, Franz-Pichler-Straße 30, 8160 Weiz, Austria
3 Institute for Electron Microscopy and Nanoanalysis and Center for Electron Microscopy, Graz University of Technology, NAWI Graz, Steyrergasse 17, 8010 Graz, Austria
4 Bioenergy 2020+ GmbH, Inffeldgasse 21/B, 8010 Graz, Austria
5 Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Graz University of Technology, Streymayrgasse 9, 8010 Graz, Austria

2019, 12(3): 683每693

Address correspondence to Bernd Cermenek,; Viktor Hacker,

The Ni-OHads and Bi-OHads species on carbon supported Pd70Ni20Bi10 nanocatalyst facilitate the ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR) process to CH3COO- by bifunctional mechanism and also by oxidative removal of poisonous ethanol species from the catalyst surface. This results in a catalytic activity enhancement of Pd70Ni20Bi10/C with lower onset potential (0.236 V) for alkaline EOR compared to Pd/C (0.280 V) and Pd60Ni40/C (0.290 V) nanocatalysts.


Spindle-like Fe7S8/N-doped carbon nanohybrids for high-performance sodium ion battery anodes

Aihua Jin1,2,∫, Mi-Ju Kim1,2,∫, Kug-Seung Lee3, Seung-Ho Yu1,2,† (*), and Yung-Eun Sung1,2 (*)

1 Center for Nanoparticle Research, Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea
2 School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea
3 Beamline Department, Pohang Accelerator Laboratory (PAL), Pohang 790-784, Republic of Korea
Present address: Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
Aihua Jin and Mi-Ju Kim contributed equally to this work.

2019, 12(3): 695每700

Address correspondence to Seung-Ho Yu,; Yung-Eun Sung,

Spindle-like Fe7S8 with nitrogen-doped carbon (Fe7S8/N-C) nanohybrids are synthesized by using a metal organic framework and exhibit extremely high electrochemical properties as anode materials for sodium ion batteries. The reversible conversion reaction and surface reaction have been studied by X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses.


Near-infrared light activated persistent luminescence nanoparticles via upconversion

Zhanjun Li1,2, Ling Huang1, Yuanwei Zhang1, Yang Zhao1, Hong Yang1, and Gang Han1 (*)

1 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605, USA
2 School of Environment, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510630, China

DOI 10.1007/s12274-017-1548-9

Nano Research 2017, 10(5): 1840每1846

Address correspondence to

Efficient upconverted persistent luminescence imaging is realized by combining the unique features of upconversion nanoparticles and persistent luminescence nanoparticles into polymethyl methacrylate.


Probing the seeded protocol for high-concentration preparation of silver nanowires

Cheng Wang, Baisong Cheng, Haichuan Zhang, Pengbo Wan, Liang Luo (*), Yun Kuang (*), and Xiaoming Sun

State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, P.O. Box 98, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China


Nano Research 2016, 9(5): 1532每1542

Address correspondence to Liang Luo,; Yun Kuang,

The mass synthesis of high-quality silver nanowires with high concentration can be realized based on the concentration law of [Ag+] and [Cl] with a linear relationship.


Freestanding hierarchical porous carbon film derived from hybrid nanocellulose for high-power supercapacitors

Zhi Li1(*), Kaveh Ahadi1, Keren Jiang1, Behzad Ahvazi2, Peng Li3, Anthony O. Anyia2,4, Ken Cadien1, and Thomas Thundat1 (*)

1 Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2V4, Canada
2 Biomass Conversion & Processing Technologies InnoTech, Alberta Innovates-Technology Futures, Edmonton, Alberta T6N 1E4, Canada
3 nanoFAB, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2V4, Canada
4 National Research Council of Canada, 100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6, Canada

DOI 10.1007/s12274-017-1573-8

Nano Research 2017, 10(5): 1847每1860

Address correspondence to Zhi Li,; Thomas Thundat,

The structural advantages of two types of nanocellulose were utilized to fabricate freestanding carbonized hybrid nanocellulose films with a specific surface area over 1,200 m2﹞g-1 as electrode materials for supercapacitors.


Erratum to: In situ observation of synthesized nanoparticles in ultradilute aerosols via X-ray scattering

2019, 12(3): 701

Address correspondence to Sarah R. McKibbin,; Anders Mikkelsen,


Erratum to: Serum-induced degradation of 3D DNA box origami observed with high-speed atomic force microscopy

Zaixing Jiang1,2,∫, Shuai Zhang2,∫, Chuanxu Yang2, Reza M. Zadegan2, Jørgen Kjems2, Yudong Huang1 (*),
Flemming Besenbacher2, and Mingdong Dong2 (*)

1 Department of Polymer Science and Technology, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
2 Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO), Aarhus University, DK-8000, Aarhus C, Denmark

DOI 10.1007/s12274-015-0848-1

Nano Research 2015, 8(10): 3446-3446

Address correspondence to Yudong Huang,; Mingdong Dong,


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